Indonesia Travel Guide

 

Indonesia + Indigenous peoples. October The defenders Protect indigenous people to help fight climate change, says UN rapporteur. World leaders must do more to defend custodians of natural.

Indonesian women have won the Uber Cup , the female equivalent of the Thomas Cup, 3 times, in , and

The top attractions in Indonesia

Lying stretched along the Equator, steamy and volcanic Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago, home to over million people. Lately, this beautiful place has had a string of bad luck, including tsunamis, fires, and political instability.

The law followed the principle of jus soli , or right of the soil. This principle had previously been taken for granted by the Chinese, and it meant that ethnic Chinese born in the Indies were subjects of both the Dutch and Chinese governments.

As nationalistic ethnic Chinese protested against "forced naturalization", they demanded the protection of Chinese consuls. However, as an exchange for consular representation in the Indies, both governments signed the Consular Convention of which limited the jurisdiction of Chinese consuls to those who were not also Dutch subjects.

The convention did not explicitly solve the problem of dual nationality as notes attached to the document indicated it was not meant to define citizenship. It also refused to sign onto the Hague Convention on Nationality based on Article 4 of the document , which stipulates that "a State may not afford diplomatic protection to one of its nationals against a state whose nationality such person also possesses".

In an exchange of notes meant to supplement the ratification process, both men addressed objections which have been made against the treaty. The document made provisions for a joint committee to be established to plan the treaty's enforcement and elaborated on interpretations of the treaty. The next Cabinet was formed by a coalition of parties which had opposed the treaty; it tabled the matter until after the legislative election in September. Ali Sastroamidjojo returned as Prime Minister in March , but his new coalition included several members of the opposition.

Minister of Justice Muljatno further urged the DPR in December to ratify the treaty quickly, but initial discussions of the treaty did not begin until March Ratification was further delayed when the Cabinet was forced to resign following a rebellion in Sumatra.

After the Djuanda Cabinet approved the treaty for a second time in August, Foreign Minister Subandrio personally urged the DPR to make its passage a high priority on the legislative agenda.

The DPR conducted a final debate on the treaty on 17 December Members of Masyumi motioned to postpone the debate until after the passage of a new citizenship law, but it was defeated by a 39— vote. Representatives of Masyumi and PSI then walked out of the session, and the treaty was ratified by a unanimous vote of the remaining delegates. One provision of the exchange between Ali Sastroamidjojo and Zhou Enlai sought to address ambiguities about the status of ethnic Chinese citizens of Indonesia outside the time frame outlined in the treaty: The Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Republic of Indonesia agree that among those who are at the same time citizens of Indonesia and of the People's Republic of China there is a certain group who may be considered to have only one citizenship and not to have dual citizenship, because, in the opinion of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, their social and political position demonstrates that they have spontaneously in an implicit manner renounced the citizenship of the People's Republic of China.

Persons included in the above-mentioned group, because they have only citizenship, are not required to choose their citizenship under the provisions of the dual nationality treaty. Many of Indonesia's peoples have strongly rooted oral traditions , which help to define and preserve their cultural identities. Early modern Indonesian literature originates in Sumatran tradition. Important figures in modern Indonesian literature include: Dutch author Multatuli , who criticised treatment of natives under Dutch colonial rule; Sumatrans Mohammad Yamin and Hamka , who were influential pre-independence nationalist writers and politicians; [] and proletarian writer Pramoedya Ananta Toer , Indonesia's most famous novelist.

Literature and poetry flourished even more in the first half of the 20th century. Some of his popular poems include Krawang-Bekasi , Diponegoro and Aku.

There are around 13 to 17 national holidays every year in Indonesia. The government sometimes declares a collective leave known as cuti bersama , usually on a Monday or Friday between national holidays to create a long weekend.

Four types of holidays exist in the country: These dates are known locally as tanggal merah literally , "red date" , so called because they are marked red on calendars. Many of the dates of religious holidays vary from year to year, as they are based on different calendars.

For example, the Muslim holidays are based on the Islamic calendar. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Republic in Southeast Asia.

Fauna of Indonesia and Flora of Indonesia. Species endemic to Indonesia. Rafflesia arnoldii , orangutan , greater bird-of-paradise , and Komodo dragon. Politics of Indonesia and Government of Indonesia. List of political parties in Indonesia and Elections in Indonesia.

Joko Widodo 7th President of Indonesia. Jusuf Kalla 10th and 12th Vice President of Indonesia. Foreign relations of Indonesia. Economy of Indonesia , Economic history of Indonesia , and List of main infrastructure projects in Indonesia. Major transport in Indonesia. Science and technology in Indonesia. Tourism in Indonesia and List of national parks of Indonesia.

Demographics of Indonesia , Indonesians , and Women in Indonesia. Largest cities or towns in Indonesia Statistics Indonesia []. Religion in Indonesia [5] Religion Percent Islam. Education in Indonesia and Health in Indonesia. Human rights in Indonesia. Indonesian art and Architecture of Indonesia. Music of Indonesia and Dance in Indonesia.

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